Professor Kruer is a scholar of early modern North America, focusing on Native American and colonial societies east of the Mississippi. His research and teaching interests include African and Indian slavery, race and ethnicity, colonial violence, Native Americans in the Atlantic World, and the history of emotions. He is currently writing a book provisionally titled The Time of Anarchy: Colonial Rebellions and the Wars of the Susquehannocks, 1675-1682. It is a study of the forces that caused Indian and English political systems across the eastern seaboard to suddenly collapse into war and chaos in 1675, and emphasizes the role of Native American power in crafting a new imperial order. Professor Kruer is also working on projects about the intertwining emotional worlds of Susquehannock Indians and English colonists, and illicit Anglo-Indian arms trafficking in the seventeenth century. He teaches courses on early American history, Native American history, the early modern Atlantic world, and conspiracy theory in American culture. Professor Kruer received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania.